Bermudagrass, zoysiagrass, and water use

I was talking with a golf course designer recently, and he mentioned that “zoysia starts to look pretty attractive because of its lower water use.” That led to a long conversation about how incorrect that statement is.

Sure, zoysia as a warm-season grass will use less water than cool-season grasses. But that’s comparing apples to oranges. One should look at the water use of zoysia compared to bermuda. When making that comparison, bermuda has higher turf quality than zoysia when irrigation is restricted.

Sure, there’s one case where zoysia may use less water than bermuda. The reason it’s using less water is because it is dormant while the bermuda remains green.

Here is a photo of green bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon) in a turf of dormant manilagrass (Zoysia matrella) during the dry season in Thailand. With the same amount of soil moisture, the bermudagrass remains green and the manilagrass is dormant.

dormant manilagrass with green bermudagrass in dry soil

For more information, see these posts. They have photos of the difference between berudagrass and zoysiagrass when irrigation is restricted or rainfall is limited. The posts also link to research articles that make direct comparisons between zoysiagrass and bermudagrass. Bermudagrass outperforms zoysiagrass in drought conditions every time.

Micah Woods
Micah Woods

Scientist, author, consultant, and founder of the Asian Turfgrass Center